Guest blog by Anghel Leonard ( @ ).
Starting with JSF 2.3-m05 we can take advantage of a brand new feature - register a WebSocket push connection in client side. Thanks to the JSF team (especially to Bauke Scholtz (aka BalusC)) this feature is available in today milestone via
In this post, let's see a minimal usage of <f:websocket/> tag.
On the JSF page, we need to add the
<f:websocket/> tag with its two required attributes:
channel- This is
javax.el.ValueExpressionthat must be evaluated to String and it represents the name of the WebSocket channel. A channel name is restricted to alphanumeric characters, hyphens, underscores and periods. A channel can have multiple open WebSockets, and each of these sockets will receive the same push notification from the server.
onmessage- This is j
The signature of the listener function for onmessage is of type:
So, a simple
<f:websocket/> tag usage will look like this:
By default, when we start the application, the WebSocket is automatically connected and open. As long as the document is open the WebSocket is open. When the document is unloaded the WebSocket is automatically closed. In the WebSocket is initially successfully connected but the connection is closed as a result of e.g. a network error or server restart, JSF will try to auto-reconnect it at increasing intervals.
Now, let's focus on the server side. Here we have to take into account the push messages mechanism. This mechanism is based on javax.faces.push.PushContextinterface and javax.faces.push.Push API.
First, you need to know that by default the WebSocket is application scoped. This means that the managed bean that can push messages to this web socket must be in application scope (annotated with @ApplicationScope). In this case, the push message can be sent by all users and the application itself.
Furthermore, you have to inject PushContext via @Push annotation on the given channel name in any CDI/container managed artifact. For example:
@Push(channel = "clock")
private PushContext push;
Finally, we need to write an action method capable to push messages to WebSocket via PushContext. For example:
Next, our simple CDI bean:
In order to avoid an error as in figure below (from Payar Server), we need to add a fake endpoint:
As BalusC pointed out, this fake endpoint should look like below:
Finally, the m05 requires the following settings in web.xml:
Done! The complete application was tested under Payara Server and it is available here.
Originally published by OmniFaces on the 25th of March: http://www.omnifaces-fans.org/2016/03/jsf-23-websocket-quickstart.html .